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The Port/City of Piraeus and the City of Athens

Bus stops: The Panatheanic Stadium and The Acropolis Museum.
Some of the photos were taken from the Tour bus, on a windy, rainy day, and are not of best quality.

After the most amazing visit to Olympia on April 17th, we docked in the Port of Piraeus roughly 11km from Athens at around 10:30AM. There is a wonderful Greek song about Piraeus "Never on Sunday", that I had heard in Europe when I was very young. It stuck a chord with me after seeing this port for the first time. It was sung by Melina Mercouri, the famous Greek singer of the time, in the film by the same name, winning an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1960.

It was a rainy and windy day. The tour bus took us through the seaside city of Piraeus with its narrow and sloped streets and its boulevards lined up with decorative, wild orange trees whose fruit is not to be eaten. We rode into Athens past the Temple of Olympian Zeus with the Parthenon hovering in the distance and then stopped at the Panatheanic Stadium. This is where the first modern Olympic games were held in 1896, after having been abolished in Olympia in 394 AD by emperor Theodosius I, considering them pagan and incompatible with the emerging Christian religion.

Riding in the Tour bus by the Arch of Hadrian (which is part of the Temple of Olympian Zeus complex), we stopped at the Acropolis Museum with Acropolis complex and the Parthenon towering on top of an imposing hill. The museum completed in June 2009, was built to house every artifact found on the rock and on its feet, from the Greek Bronze Age to Roman and Byzantine Greece. It also lies on the archaeological site of Makrygianni and the ruins of a part of Roman and early Byzantine Athens. For the Museum website, click here. Due to heavy rain, high winds and 150 slick marble steps to the top of the hill, we stayed at the restaurant below the Parthenon and bided our time till we were supposed to return to the ship. This was a real disappointment.

What we missed: The Agora (meeting place of the Greeks, northwest of the Acropolis: equivalent to the Forum in Rome) and Eleusinion in the City (City Eleusinion). For more info, click on this excellent site for the History of Athens. You will find free, online version of "The Athenian Agora: A Short Guide in Color" published by J. Camp in 2003, a very fascinating reading. For the main site, click here. Please read the copyright information associated with the book.

Our next ports of call were supposed to be Mikonos and Santorini but due to the bad weather, April 19 was spent on board ship at Navplion. The captain decided that the ship should turn westward towards Corfu where we arrived on April 20.

Note: All the cruise photos were imaged with my Nikon D7000 DSLR Camera with Nikon 18-105mm DX VR Lens and Columbus nGPS mounted on the hot shoe. Nikon ViewNX2™ software connected with Google Maps™ was used to pinpoint the location of each photo as shown by the pins.

To view larger image, click on the small image and then press browser BACK BUTTON to return to this page.

 For the GPS camera photo route map of Athens, click here.

All the photos and text (except for external text quotes) are Copyright © by Jack Lupic and no reproduction is permitted.

The Acropolis Complex
The Temple of Athena Nike is on the left and the Parthenon on the right. Taken from Strofi Tavern Restaurant. For large  image click on the image above (3:10PM).
The Acropolis from the roof of the museum.
For larger picture, click on the image (12:11PM).
Close-up of the Parthenon under restoration.
For larger picture, click on the image (1:42PM).
The temple of Athena Nike perched on the left edge of the Acropolis hill. This temple was built around 425 BC (1:42PM). More info from Wikipedia.

Temple of Athena Nike Restored: Achaeology Mag, Wednesday, October 07, 2015

The Port and the City of Piraeus
  10:33AM   10:37AM   11:55AM
  11:58AM     12:02PM
The Panatheanic Stadium and the Acropolis
The City of Athens
The Acropolis
  The Acropolis and the Temple of Olympian Zeus
  The Temple of Olympian Zeus
The Panatheanic Stadium, Athens where first modern Games were held in 1896.
The stadium is entirely built of marble.
For large, 2002x1327 image click on the image above or this link
The Arch of Hadrian
It is a part of the Temple of the Olympian Zeus complex
  Street sign "Acropolis Museum"
  The archaeological site of Makrygianni.
It lies before the entrance to the Acropolis museum.
The archaeological site of Makrygianni.
  The archaeological site of Makrygianni.
1:44PM    The archaeological site of Makrygianni.
  In the Acropolis Museum: Storage jars in ancient Greece
1:53PM   Various Statuettes
  Terracotta Figurines
Votive plaque or part of architectural decoration with the depiction of an hoplite-racer, an athlete who races with armour. Presumably by Euthymides Painter. The upper part of the plaque before the inscription "Megakles kalos" (Megakles is good looking). His name was replaced by the name Glauketes. 510-500 BC. Museum catalog # 25. (2:02PM)   Lebes - A vessel used to mix wine with water, decorated in bands in black figure technique. The middle band represents a fight between archers and hoplites. 570 BC.
  The Olive Pediment
The pediment most likely represents a ritual before a temple on the Acropolis.
Terracotta horse (2:01PM)





  Large marble Athena from the pediment bearing a representation of Gigantomachy from the Old Temple, as it was renovated in 525 BCE by the sons of Peisistratos (3rd phase of the Old Temple). The pediment represents the battle of the Olympian gods with the Giants. Athena is portrayed launching into battle with a wide stride, allowing her terrifying aegis with its snakes to billow as she stoops over an opponent to deliver the final blow. (2:03PM).
The stela with the account of the construction of the Erechtheion (built between 421 and 405 BC)
  Model of an ancient Greek boat (2:04PM).   Reconstruction of the east pediment of the Parthenon according to drawing by K. Schwerzek(1904) (2:06PM).
Hera and Athena handshaking, late 5th century BC.

Decree of the Boule (Parliament) and the Demos of the Atheneans regulating the relations of Athens and Chalkis. 446/5 BC (2:07PM).

  Accounts of the Treasurers of the Goddess Athena and the other Gods. 401/400- 399/8 BC. On the relief the goddesses Athena and Hera clasp hands.
Account of the Supervisors for the construction of the chryselephantine statue of Athena Parthenos in the Parthenon by the sculptor Pheidias (who also created the chryselephantine statue of Zeus in Olympia). 440/439 BC (2:08PM).

Accounts of the Supervisors for construction of the Parthenon, 447/6-433/2 BC (2:09PM).



View of the Acropolis and the Parthenon (3:04PM).   Temple of Athena Nike  (3:05PM).   The Parthenon under restoration. For large 2978x1979 pix image, click on the photo (3:10PM).

1. Greece, now a country in the Aegean, was a collection of independent city-states or poleis in antiquity that we know about archaeologically from the Bronze Age on. These city-states fought among one another and against bigger external forces, especially the Persians. Eventually, they were conquered by their neighbors to the north and then later became part of the Roman Empire. After the western Roman Empire fell, the Greek-speaking area of the Empire continued until 1453, when it fell to the Turks. Read here History of Greece. Book by George Grote, London 1907.

2. The Parthenon (Greek: Παρθενών) is a temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their virgin patron. Its construction began in 447 BC and was completed in 438 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the culmination of the development of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece and of Athenian democracy and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. Source: Wikipedia.

3. The PDF brochure "The Parthenon Sculpture" can be viewed here. It shows some of the works exhibited in the Acropolis museum. GreekArt is another interesting page. See also: Notes on the Development of the Greek Frieze.

4. For an interesting online book see "The Acropolis of Athens", author: Martin Luther D'Ooge. Publisher: New York : The Macmillan Company, 1908.

5. The Acropolis Museum by Grisel Gonzalez.

6. For Google photos of Acropolis museum, click here.

7. The Eastern Roman Empire, also known as Byzantium, existed for more than 1000 years, with Constantinople as its capital. The inhabitants of Byzantium spoke mostly Greek and very little Latin. It is Byzantium that preserved many historical records of its neigbours, Rome, and even Egypt. When Constantinople fell, it was the end of an era of the great ancient civilizations that gave us so much.


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Nikon ViewNX2™ GPS Pins show where all the photos in Athens were taken on April 18, 2012.
On the left middle is the Acropolis Complex and below it is the Acropolis Museum. Temple of Olympian Zeus is in the middle of the Map and on the right is the Panatheanic Stadium.
Click on the map or this link to enlarge it.
Nikon ViewNX2™ software in conjunction with Google Maps™ was used to pinpoint the location of each photo as shown by the pins.
Map Copyright Google and other contributors

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